Northern Lights over Lake Laberge, Yukon Territory (Stephan Pietzko/17149387/Dreamstime). 5 INDIGENOUS LEADERS THELMA CHALIFOUX Thelma Chalifoux was the first Métis woman appointed to the Senate of Canada and an ardent advocate for women’s and Indigenous rights. THE ANISHINAABE WOMANWHOWALKED FORWATER RIGHTS In 2003, Josephine Mandamin began walking around the Great Lakes to raise awareness about water pollution. RECONSIDERING THE GOLD RUSH When prospectors stampeded into the Klondike, Chief Isaac guided the Tr’ondëk Hwëch’in people through a time of turmoil. LOST GENERATIONS Inuk artist Mary Carpenter reflects on the legacy of residential schools in the Far North. FREDERICK OGILVIE LOFT (ONONDEYOH) The First Nations of Canada owe a great deal to Onondeyoh (Fred Loft), an early 20th- century political visionary. MARY TWO-AXE EARLEY Mary Two-Axe Earley’s political activism helped to forge a coalition of allies to challenge Canadian laws that discriminated against Indigenous women. Leadership takes on many forms. Explore the stories of Indigenous leaders in Canadian history. Courtesy NAIT TCI Photo Dept. Chief Isaac ca. 1920. Courtesy Dawson Museum 1984.106.1. Courtesy Library and Archives Canada. Mary Carpenter, far left, at All Saints Anglican School in Aklavik, Northwest Territories, 1953. Courtesy George Hunter/National Film Board of Canada/Library and Archives Canada.