Korean War Resource Kit

TIMELINE: LEAD-UP TO WAR JUNE 1950 Lester B. Pearson encouraged Canada to get involved through the UN under the leadership of the United States. 18 DECEMBER 1950 The first Canadian regiment deployed arrives in Korea. 7 AUGUST 1950 Creation of 25th Canadian Infantry Brigade to serve in Korea. Near the end of the Second World War, the Korean peninsula was liberated from the Japanese occupying forces by American and Soviet forces. There was no agreement between the Americans, Russians, and Koreans on what sort of government Korea should have. The United Nations (UN) Temporary Commission on Korea oversaw democratic elections in 1948, but Russia blocked these in the north. Shortly after, the Republic of Korea (ROK) was founded in the south and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) was founded in the north. Both forces wanted to unify the country. In 1949, the newly communist Chinese government helped Russia to supply the DPRK with weapons for a June 1950 invasion of the ROK. The United Nations condemned the invasion and encouraged members to lend assistance to the ROK. INTRODUCTION 3