Voices From Here

PART II: CIRCLE DISCUSSION STILL FROM RICHARD HILL VIDEO (HISTORICA CANADA). MATERIAL CULTURE Many items in Indigenous collections located in Canadian and international museums were gathered or stolen by missionaries, fur traders, government agents, collectors, or anthropologists in the late 1800s and early 1900s. Items include art and everyday objects as well as human remains and ceremonial, sacred, and funerary objects. Museums also purchased masks and regalia in the 20th century after decades of ceremonial bans, including the Potlatch ban (1885–1951) that was federally legislated in Canada. Many Indigenous Nations have requested that their items be returned or that they be granted access to their ancestors and items. Some museums have begun to develop processes for repatriating items. Some people consider public displays of certain items, such as ceremonial headdresses, extremely inappropriate. Using the circle discussion strategy, open a discussion about Richard Hill’s interview. Teachers are encouraged to create and select questions appropriate for their classroom, but possible questions include: 1. Does anything require clarification? 2. At the beginning of the interview, Richard Hill talks about the Dish with One Spoon. What can we learn from his explanation about food, people, land, and well-being? 3. What does Richard Hill’s interview tell us about alliances between the Haudenosaunee and Europeans and Americans? How have alliances affected the Haudenosaunee people? How have those alliances been disrespected and eroded? 4. What does Richard Hill say about the historical relationship between museums and archives and Indigenous communities? 5. Why is repatriation of material culture important to him and his people? 6. What lessons do his wampum belt and treaty teachings offer about how Indigenous and non- Indigenous people can live together respectfully? 7. What else stood out to you while you were listening to his testimony? ACTIVITY 5 RICHARD HILL INTERVIEW PART I: WATCH THE INTERVIEW As a class, watch Richard Hill’s interview and ask students to pay attention to the treaties he describes, how treaty relationships have changed, and his repatriation work. 14