Women in the Canadian Military

2 INTRODUCTION Online Resources MESSAGE TO TEACHERS The following is a list of bilingual research resources to support educators and students. You may want to seek out supplementary resources. Historica Canada Education Portal – A database showcasing thematic learning tools for educators: education.historicacanada.ca The Memory Project Archive – A collection of firsthand accounts and photographs of veterans: https://thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/the-memory-project The Canadian Encyclopedia – An online resource for exploring a wide range of topics in Canadian history. Search for articles by title or keyword: thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en Heritage Minutes – A collection of bilingual vignettes, each depicting a significant person, event, or story in Canadian history: historicacanada.ca/heritageminutes The Memory Project Video Resources – Educational videos produced by the Memory Project including veterans’ accounts and more. Available online: https://www.thememoryproject.com/educational-resources/video/#main-wrap From the women who joined the Canadian Forces during the First World War to the women who serve in all branches of the military today, women have made major contributions to Canada’s Armed Forces. This resource kit seeks to engage students in exploring stories from women who have served, and to critically reflect on Canadian women’s experiences at war using resources from the Memory Project Archive and The Canadian Encyclopedia. Canada has been involved in wars and conflicts throughout its colonial history. Just as the nature of these conflicts has changed over time, so, too, has the nature of women’s involvement. While the impact and necessity of women’s contributions on the home front are not to be understated, this guide focuses primarily on the experiences of women in the forces. Canadian women have actively participated in war as part of the Canadian military since the 20th century, from nursing and driving during the First and Second World Wars to today’s increasing involvement of women in the regular forces. While the participation rate of women in the Canadian military is not equal to that of men, nor are women equally represented in all trades, much has changed since the earliest days of (partial) inclusion. This guide will share some stories and allow you to explore women’s experiences and perspectives over the past century. Nurses arrive overseas, France, 1944 (Harold G. Aikman/ Department of National Defense/ Library and Archives Canada/ PA-108174). This guide includes activities that allow students to explore women’s military history in Canada. This guide does not present a comprehensive overview, but offers a selection of stories and perspectives that explore some women’s experiences in the Canadian military. These activities are best suited to students who have some contextual knowledge of the time periods and conflicts discussed. You may want to provide students with background information on conflicts relating to the activities. The Canadian Encyclopedia is an excellent resource to direct students to for more information. This kit was produced by the Memory Project and Historica Canada with the generous support of the Government of Canada. An initiative of Historica Canada, the Memory Project is a volunteer speakers bureau that arranges for veteran and active members of the Canadian Forces to share their stories of military service at schools and community events across the country. Book a speaker at thememoryproject.com/booka-speaker/. Historica Canada offers programs you can use to explore, learn, and reflect on our history, and what it means to be Canadian. Find us online at HistoricaCanada.ca. NOTE ON ACCESSIBILITY Certain activities in this resource kit require advanced listening comprehension skills. When viewing the video resources with language learners, consider enabling subtitles or downloading interview transcripts from the Memory Project’s website at: thememoryproject.com/educational-resources/video/#main-wrap. Margaret Brownlee lifting Millie Davis while performing RCAF Women’s Division fitness exercises in England, 1943 (Margaret Brownlee/The Memory Project). Nursing sisters running against each other in a race on Sports Day at the Manitoba Military Hospital in Tuxedo, MB (Library and Archives Canada/e002504577).