Korean War Resource Kit

BATTLES AT HILL 355 Hill 355 (also called Kowang-San or Little Gibraltar), so named because it was 355 meters above sea level, was a very strategic location because it was the highest point in the area. It was also the site of several fierce battles as both sides wanted the advantages it could provide. At some point during the war, every Canadian battalion that served in Korea spent time defending Hill 355. 22 NOVEMBER 1951 The Royal Canadian Regiment, Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry, and Royal 22e Régiment (also known as the Van Doos) defended the front lines between Hill 227 and Hill 355, pushing back heavy assaults for three days. For more information on this battle, see this article on The Canadian Encyclopedia. 22 OCTOBER 1952 Less than a year later, the Canadians again found themselves under intense fire at Hill 355. In a battle that lasted 33 hours, the Royal Canadian Regiment held its position against an advancing Chinese force. As a result of the action at Kowang-San, soldiers of the Battalion were awarded three Military Crosses and four Military Medals for gallantry. For more information on this battle, see this article on The Canadian Encyclopedia. Albert Gagnon Claude Petit Ronald Wardell Adrien Brisson Herb Pitts John Sadler Donald Dalke 6 KOJE-DO INCIDENT - 25 MAY 1952 North Korean and Chinese prisoners rebelled and seized an American prisoner of war camp (housing 160,000 prisoners) at Koje-Do (now Geojedo). At the request of the US military, Canadian troops helped recapture the prison. The deployment of Canadian troops without the Canadian government’s consent resulted in a public diplomatic protest to the US government. For more information on the Koje-Do Incident, see this article on The Canadian Encyclopedia. Mark Jameson Smith, Chrismar Mapping Services Inc./ Deadlock in Korea: Canadians at War, 1950-1953, Ted Barris.