Women in Canadian History Education Guide

ACTIVITY 2 : WOMEN AND WORK Use this worksheet to support Activity 2, “Women and Work: 1600-1900,” located on pages 4 and 5 of Historica Canada’s Women in Canadian History Education Guide . Choose one of the documentary sources below, and use the Graphic Organizers to answer questions about women’s workplace roles, expectations, conditions, and exploitation. Teacher Tip: Introduce your students to the concept of “reading against the grain.” This is key to “doing” women’s history because the subject matter of documentary evidence and material history is often male-oriented. PRIMARY SOURCES 1. Sales contract for a slave from the Pawnee Nation, 1740 2. Sale of five Black slaves, Québec, 25 September 1743 3. Employment of Angélique Vignaud, 8 years of age, as servant and domestic, 15 December 1736 4. Description of a woman’s work in a cotton mill, Royal Commission on Labour and Capital, 1889 5. Description of women’s work in dressmaking industry, Royal Commission on Labour and Capital, 1889 6. Newspaper editorial on the Sweating System, 1897 1. Sales contract for a slave from the Pawnee Nation, 1740 […] Concerning The Presentation made to the said sieur La Coste, acting on behalf of the said Hurtubise, by damoiselle Marianne Deruisseaux, wife of the said sieur Marin urtubise here present of her Extreme Need for Money in order to have her fields Harvested and to meet her other personal Needs, not having found anyone to advance her Money and not having other Means of finding money than to sell a Slave named Manon, of the panis nation, who has been her Servant to This Day and whom she can do without; she has, for These reasons, requested the Said sieur La Coste, As proxy for the said sieur Marin urtubises, her husband to allow her [slave] to be sold to whomsoever; Wherefore The said sieur La Coste, as proxy, Acknowledged and Confessed to have sold, left, Ceded, transported and relinquished by these presents with a guarantee against all troubles and Obstacles, General and particular to sieur françois Marie de Coigne, Merchant and Bourgeois in This city, residing therein in his House on Rue St Paul, here present and accepting, the Said Manon Slave aged twenty years or Approximately for him, as well as his heirs and assignees, to use and dispose of as he sees fit, as with other goods belonging to him through true and Loyal acquisition, to take possession of her at the time hereafter declared, and furthermore for a Sum of three Hundred Livres that the Said sieur de Coigne paid in Cash, in receipts from the Beaver trade, to the said Sieur La Coste in view of the said undersigned notaries [...] This sale, Transfer, transport and relinquishment is thus done, Provided that the said sieur de Coigne Allow the Said Slave to remain with the said Damoiselle urtubise Until the feast of St Michel as she is needed for the harvesting, following which, after the feast of St Michel, The Following day at the latest, the said Sr La Coste promises to have the said Slave delivered to sieur de Coigne. [...] Done and Approved at Montréal in The house of sieur La Coste undersigned, in the year seventeen Hundred Forty [...] Source: Archives nationales du Québec, Centre de Montréal, Greffe de notaire, CN601 S372, Simonnet, François, Sale by Sieur La Coste of a slave named Manon to Sieur de Couagne, September 7, 1740. http://www.canadianmysteries.ca/sites/angelique/contexte/lasociete/esclavage/2293en.html Note that sources have not been modified from their original form.